CITIES IN HUNGARY
Budapest is the capital and the largest city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union. It is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre sometimes described as the primate city of Hungary. In 2011, according to the census, Budapest had 1.74 million inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2.1 million due to suburbanization. The Budapest Metropolitan Area is home to 3.3 million people. The city covers an area of 525 square kilometres (202.7 sq mi) within the city limits. Budapest became a single city occupying both banks of the river Danube with its unification on 17 November 1873 of Buda and Obuda, on the west bank, with Pest, on the east bank.
Cited as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, its extensive World Heritage Site includes the banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter, Andrassy Avenue, Heroes' Square and the Millennium Underground Railway, the second-oldest metro line in the world. It has 80 geothermal springs,the world's largest thermal water cave system, the second largest synagogue, and third largest Parliament building. The city attracts about 4.3 million tourists a year, making it the 25th most popular city in the world to visit (and the 6th in Europe) according to Euromonitor.
Considered a financial hub in Central Europe, the city ranked 3rd (out of 65 cities) on MasterCard’s Emerging Markets Index,and ranked as the most liveable Central and Eastern European city on EIU's quality of life index.It is also ranked as "the world's second best city" by Condé Nast Traveler, "Europe's 7th most idyllic place to live" by Forbes, and as the 9th most beautiful city in the world by UCity Guides. It is the highest ranked Central/Eastern European city on Innovation Cities' Top 100 index. Budapest is home to the headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), and the first foreign office of the China Investment Promotion Agency (CIPA). Eighteen universities are situated in Budapest, including the Central European University, Eotvos Lorand University and the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
Debrecen,is the second largest city in Hungary after Budapest. Debrecen is the regional centre of the Northern Great Plain region and the seat of Hajdu-Bihar country. It was the largest Hungarian city in the 18th century and it is one of the most important cultural centres of the Hungarians. Debrecen was also the capital city of Hungary during the revolution in 1848-1849 and by the end of the World War II in 1944-1945. Debrecen, typical of Central Europe, has a climate on the boundaries of oceanic (Köppen Cfb) and humid continental (Dfb).
Miskolc is a city in northeastern Hungary, mainly with heavy industrial background. With a population of 167,754 (2011 census) Miskolc is the third largest city of Hungary (behind Budapest and Debrecen and second-largest with agglomeration.) It is also the county capital of Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen and the regional centre of Northern Hungary.
Szeged is the fourth largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county town of Csongrád county. The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary.The famous Open Air Plays of Szeged (first held in 1931) are one of the main attractions; which are held every summer celebrated as the Day of the city on May 21.
Pecs is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek Mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia. It is the administrative and economical centre of Baranya county. Pecs is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pecs.
The city Sopianae was founded by Romans at the beginning of the 2nd century, in an area peopled by Celts and Pannoni tribes. By the 4th century it became the capital of Valeria province and a significant early Christian center. The early Christian necropolis is from this era which became an UNESCO World Heritage Site in December 2000. Its episcopate was founded in 1009 by Steven I, and the first university in Hungary was founded in Pecs in 1367 by Louis I the Great. (The largest university still resides in Pécs with about 34,000 students). Pecs was formed into one of the cultural and arts center of the country by bishop Janus Pannonius, the great, Hungarian, humanist poet. Pecs has a rich heritage from the age of a 150 year long Ottoman occupation, like the mosque of Pasha Qasim the Victorious on Szechenyi square.
Pecs always was a multicultural city where many cultural layers are encrusted melting different values of the history of two thousand years. Hungarians, Croatians and Swabians still live in peace together in economic and cultural polarity. In 1998 Pécs was given the UNESCO prize Cities for peace for maintaining the cultures of the minorities, and also for its tolerant and helping attitude toward refugees of the Balkan Wars. In 2007 Pécs was third, in 2008 it was second Livable city (The LivCom Awards)in the category of cities between 75,000 and 200,000 inhabitants.
In 2010 Pecs was selected to be the European Capital of Culture sharing the title together with Essen and Istanbul. The city's motto is: "The Borderless City". After receiving the title major renewal started in the city. Renewed public places, streets, squares and neighbourhoods, new cultural centers, a concert hall, a new library and center and a cultural quarter were designed.
Gyor is the most important city of northwest Hungary, the capital of Gyor-Moson-Sopron county and Western Transdanubia region, and — halfway between Budapest and Vienna — situated on one of the important roads of Central Europe. The city is the sixth largest in Hungary, and one of the seven main regional centres of the country
Nyiregyhaza is a city in northeastern Hungary and the county capital of Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg. With a population of 118,000, it is the seventh-largest city in Hungary and is one of the leading cities of Northern Hungary and of the northern part of the Great Hungarian Plain (Alföld). Its development has been ongoing since the 18th century, making it the economic and cultural center of the region. Its zoo, exhibiting more than 300 species including real rarities, is recognized throughout Europe.
Kecskemet is a city in the central part of Hungary. It is the 8th largest city in the country, and the county seat of Bacs-Kiskun. Kecskemet lies halfway between the capital Budapest and the country's third-largest city, Szeged, 86 kilometers (53 miles) from both of them and almost equal distance from the two big rivers of the country, the Danube and the Tisza. It is the northern of two centers of the Hungarian Southern Great Plain (Hungarian: Del-Alföld) region (comprising the three counties Bács-Kiskun, Bekes and Csongrad); the southern center is Szeged, the seat of Csongrad county. The name of the city stems from the Hungarian word kecske, meaning "goat".
Szekesfehrvar is a city in central Hungary and is the 9th largest in the country. Located around 65 km (40 mi) southwest of Budapest. It is inhabited by 101,973 people (2010), with 136,995 in the Szekesfehrvar Subregion. The city is the centre of Fejér county and the regional centre of Central Transdanubia. In the Middle Ages the city was a royal residence and was one of the most important cities of Hungary. In the Szekesfehrvar Basilica, 37 kings and 39 queens consort were crowned, 15 rulers have been buried here, the diets were held and the crown jewels were kept here.